Mineral Guide > How the Earth was Formed > Niagara Falls New York

Niagara Falls New York

Niagara Falls New YorkNiagara Falls, the grandest cataract in the world; belong in part to the State of New York. Here the water of the Great Lakes, west of Ontario, is poured over a precipitous cliff about one hundred and sixty feet high, in two immense sheets, called the American and Horseshoe Falls, separated by Goat Island.

These falls received the name Niagara from the aborigines, Ni-a-ga-ra meaning "thunder of waters." The roar created by the falls can be heard, under favorable conditions, at a distance of fifteen miles.

There are three distinct falls. The Horseshoe Fall, so named on account of its crescent shape, is the largest, covering a distance of two thousand feet, and having a fall of one hundred and fifty-four feet; the American Fall, six hundred and sixty feet, and the Central Fall, two hundred and forty-three feet in width, each have a fall of one hundred and sixty-three feet.

The volume of water is perpetually the same, no amount of rain or snow making any apparent change. This is conceded to be the grandest natural feature in the world, providing a water power the limit of which is incalculable.

Of late years the extraordinary power of the falls has been adapted to the production of electricity, which has been distributed to various cities and towns within a radius of one hundred miles.

Street cars and machinery of every kind are run by them, and, by new devices and more powerful dynamos, it is believed the field for the successful utilization of this great force is almost without limit.

Niagara Falls picture